French Bull Dog - Characteristics and Breed Standards

The French bull dog is a fairly recent breed of dog that has its origins coming mainly from the English bulldog. The most accepted theory of how the French bull dog came to be is that English lace workers from Normandy may have brought them over to France when they expanded their trade to the country. While English bulldogs are stocky and heavy set, their French counterparts are said to be on the lighter side of things, but with highly similar characteristics as the English ones. Many breeders and fanciers call the French bull dog “Frenchies”.

Colors And Markings

The French bull dog is a muscular dog with a short smooth, smooth coat that is close to a compact body. There is a limit of acceptable colors that a French bull dog may have but the variety of colors are numerous as well as some of the combinations accepted in most shows. Masks on the dogs are acceptable on red or fawn dogs. On any other color it is not acceptable in most shows or kennel organizations. Brindle and pied are also common markings or colors on these dogs. Solid colors are shades of cream to deep butterscotch. Colors that are disqualified are solid black (with no other lighter colored hairs), liver, black and tan and black and white.

Health And Temperament

The health of the French bull dog is basically well.  They can be prone to dog type of hemophilia and conditions related to the thyroid. One other common condition that occurs in French bull dogs is Brachycephalic syndrome, which is the condition of having a much too flat face. This condition leads to the dog having a cleft palate or a soft palate. Out of the two, the cleft palate is the condition that usually leads to the puppies being put to sleep since this condition if practically impossible to correct. The soft palate often results to dogs that are prone to passing out after just a bout of moderate exercise or labored breathing even without exercise. This condition can be hazardous to the dogs and stressful to the owners especially if not diagnosed earlier. Other conditions that are common to the French bull dog are eye problems and spinal or back conditions. Many of the females of this particular breed and other bull dog breeds are also prone to cesarean section when giving birth. This is due mainly to the fact that the puppies have large heads and may have some difficulty passing through the birth canal. Since larger heads are prized in many of the bull dog breeds, this may be the reason why there are more and more cesarean sections performed these days compared to before.

The temperament of the French bull dog is very good for a companion dog and a lap dog. They can be best described as attached to their human owner to a very extensive degree and they are also found to be relatively happy and content dogs. They may be exuberant at times when their excitement level peaks, so when playing with children they should be constantly monitored to prevent any incidents or nips from occurring. Most of the flat faced breeds of dogs have some difficulty with their breathing which is why these dogs, including the French bull dog cannot be expected to live outdoors or stay extensively in warm or hot places. This can be blamed manly on their flat faces and the bulk that they grow up to be when matured. This is the main reason why they do not need to be exercised for a long time and can do with just one walk daily. Monitoring the Frenchie when exercising or out for walks is a good idea since they get easily tired and can have some difficulty breathing when exercised too much. They are most likely to have some difficulty traversing through water since they are built to have heavier tops or fore bodies than their backs. The French bull dog is not a good swimmer.

Since the French bull dog has some bull dog and terrier linage, it is to be expected that they can be somewhat aggressive when they feel like it. Care should be exercised when approaching a strange French bull dog.

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